International Human Rights Law

Introduction to Human Rights Law

Human Rights are fundamental rights, obligations or principles and these are inalienable to all persons, whatever their caste, class, race. Age, gender, language, nationality, religion or belief, simply because are human being. Each person entitled equally to human rights without any discrimination. Human rights considered as universal rights which includes right to life, freedom, education and economic, social and cultural rights as well.

International Human Rights Law is a part of International Law which is aimed to support & protect human rights at international, regional and domestic levels. International Human Rights Law are expressed by international treaties & agreements between states; customary international law (evidence of a general practice accepted as law); general principles and other source of international law. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by United Nation in 1948, contains basic human rights of all people regardless of race, religion, place of residence or gender. 
 

 
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This resource guide,  prepared by library staff,  aims to provide information on basic learning,  research and professional material  on International Human Rights Law, available in the Global Library, in print as well as electronic form.  It also provides links to useful free & open access web resources. 

 

 

               

 

 
 

Books on International Human Rights Law at JGU Library


 

JGU Library holding a number of books, print as well as electronic (also included open access) on International Human Rights Law. 
To access updated print collection of International Human Rights Law & related subjects, please visit the JGU Library Online Catalogue or check the following sequences in the library collection:

Class Numbers  Subjects        
323 Human Rights – General & interdisciplinary works (including civil & political rights, individual freedom, rights of humanity)
341.48  Human Rights - International Law
341.48026 Treaties, codes and cases 
341.483 Specific human rights (including religious freedom)
341.485 Rights of specific social group like ethnic people & groups, children and women
341.4858 Rights of women
341.486 Rights of stateless persons and refugees
342.85 Human rights or civil liberties in Constitutional Law

 

Related and Interdisciplinary aspects of Human Rights 

Class Numbers  Subjects        
305 Social Groups
341.6 Law of war includes war claims, by individuals of one country against another country
341.67-341.69 Humanitarian law, War crimes: cases & trials 
361.614 Welfare aspects of human rights
364.135 International offenses (Crime against humanity, peace)

 

A number of useful titles can also be found in e-books form on JGU institutional repository or e-books portals subscribed by the JGU Library at the following links:

Institutional Repository
eBooks Database

Major Reference Works

Some of the major reference books available in the library on International Human Rights Law are listed below:

Encyclopedia

Handbooks & Guides

  • Cushman, Th. (ed.). Handbook of Human Rights.  London: Routledge, 2012 comprises  new frameworks for understanding human rights; world religious traditions and human rights; social, economic, group, and collective rights; critical perspectives on human rights organizations, institutions, and practices; law and human rights; narrative and aesthetic dimension of rights; geographies of rights.

Lexicon & Glossaries

Reference Books

Bibliographies & Yearbooks

Journals, Newsletters & Reports 
 
e-Journals

Here is a list of top ten ranked journals of International Human Rights Law, based on impact factor (Source: Washington & Lee University School of Law.) accessible via JGU Library

  • Law & Ethics of Human Rights. Pub.: De Gruyter (from 2007 onwards available in Westlaw India)
  • Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies. Pub.: Indiana University School of Law. (from 1993 onwards available in Heinonline)
  • Human Rights Law Review. Pub.: Oxford University Press (from 1996 onwards available in Oxford Journals)
  • International Review of the Red Cross. Pub.: Cambridge University Press (from 2006 onwards available in Cambridge Journals)
  • Human Rights Quarterly. Pub.: Johns Hopkins University Press (from 1979-2012 available in HeinOnline and from 2013 onwards Print Issues subscribed by JGU Library-available in Global Library Reference Section)
  • African Journal of Legal Studies. Co-pub.: The Africa Law Institute in collaboration with Martinus Nijhoff Publishers (from 2004 onwards available in Heinonline)
  • Hague Journal on the Rule of Law. Pub: Cambridge University Press (from 2009 onwards available in Westlaw India)
  • Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law.  Pub: Cambridge University Press (from 2004 onwards available in Cambridge Journals)
  • International Journal of Transitional Justice.  Pub.: Oxford University Press (from 1996 onwards available in Oxford Journals)
  • Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies.  Pub.: Brill Pub. (not subscribed by JGU Library)

E-Newsletters

e-Reports

  • Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (1999-)  are publications on the annual human right conditions in countries and regions outside the United States, submitted annually by the United States Department of State to the United States Congress. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Treaties, Conventions and Agreements 
 

Treaties and conventions are primary sources and one of the important sources of international law. A treaty is the official document which expresses as agreement in words or as legislation to regulate a particular aspect of international relations, or form the constitutions of international organizations.

General Treaty ResourcesTreaties, conventions and agreements of global coverage are listed under "Treaties, Conventions and Agreements" section <http://www.jgu.edu.in/library/content/resource-guides>

Treaties on Human RightsTreaties, conventions and agreements, devoted to Human Rights can be found in the following resources:

Multinational Treaty Resources


United Nations

International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC)

  • ICRC - Geneva Conventions introducing Geneva treaties or Conventions and their additional Protocols form the core of international humanitarian law which regulates the conduct of armed conflict and seeks to limit its effects. They protect people not taking part in hostilities and those who are no longer doing so.
  • ICRC International Humanitarian Law: Treaty Database and States Party provides information on treaties and other instruments related to International Humanitarian Law, treaty status, and State parties to the treaties.

European Union

International Labour Organization

  • NORMLEX produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO) an information system which brings together information on International Labor Standards (such as ratification information, reporting requirements, comments of the ILO's supervisory bodies, etc.) as well as national labor and social security laws.
  • LABORDOC produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO). 1965- a bibliographic database with worldwide coverage of economic policy; employment; labor legislation, policy, relations, management; rural development, and working conditions. It covers all aspects of work and sustainable livelihoods and the work-related aspects of economic and social development, human rights and technological change.
  • Legislationline.org is an online legislative database by Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, provides direct access to international i.e. Council of Europe, United Nations, OECD norms and standards relating to specific human dimension issues like anti-discrimination, human trafficking, gender equality  & like  and specific countries.

Bilateral Treaties and Country Specific Resources


  • Indian Treaties Database prepared and managed by the Legal and Treaties Division of the Ministry of External Affairs, India. Treaties can be searched by specific subject, agreement type or country;  or simple keywords.
  • AustLII- Australian Human Rights Treaties  contains full-text Australian treaties on Human Rights.
  • Human rights conventions ratified by Sweden
  • Human Rights Treaties by Congress.gov lists treaties & agreements made with other countries by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. 
  • International Human Rights Treaties -by Country prepared by University of Minnesota.
  • International Human Rights Treaties and other instruments prepared by University of Minnesota.
  • Westlaw International United Kingdom Human Rights - Treaties (UKHR-TREATIES) Text of treaties, conventions, agreements, protocols, and other instruments of the Council of Europe related to human rights, including the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950), the European Social Charter (1961), and the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987). Coverage begins with November 1950.
  • Manupatra lists Human Rights International Regional Conventions. Please follow the following steps to locate human rights treaties on Manupatra:

             Manupatra>Business Policy> Indian Industrial Policy/Human Rights/Foreign Trade/Environment>Human        Rights>TOC> International Regional Conventions

Law Reports & Court Judgments

International Courts Judgments


  • International Court of Justice (ICJ) lists all ICJ cases & judgments since 1947. 
  • International Criminal Court (ICC)   lists all ICC cases & judgments and Legal Texts and Tools lists human rights decisions of European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Court of Human Rights; and UN Mechanisms i.e. UN Conference on Environment and Development; UN Human Rights Council; Human Rights Committee (CCPR); Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR); Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD); Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); Committee Against Torture (CAT); Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC); Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW); and  Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) 

War Tribunals Judgments


European judgments


  • HUDOC database of European Court of Human Rights, provides access to the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (Grand Chamber, Chamber and Committee judgments, decisions, communicated cases, advisory opinions and legal summaries from the Case-Law Information Note), the European Commission of Human Rights (decisions and reports) and the Committee of Ministers (resolutions)
  • Reports of Judgments and Decisions of European Court of Human Rights, provides official collection of the Court's leading judgments, decisions and advisory opinions since 1998.
  • European Human Rights Reports (V1- V46)- Print resource available in JGU Reference Library
  • European Human Rights Law Review (1996-2009)- covers articles on human rights & selective human rights law cases in the UK and from Strasbourg, including summaries of cases- Print resource available in JGU Reference Library

African Judgments


Comprehensive Databases to explore human rights case law of international tribunals & human rights bodies


  • Commonwealth and International Human Rights Case Law Databases contain over 2,800 summaries of significant human rights decisions from both domestic Commonwealth courts and from courts and tribunals applying international human rights law like ECHR, ACHPR and so on.
  • WorldLII International Courts & Tribunals Collection includes several human rights bodies (ECHR, Inter-American Court and Commission, ICJ, CAT, CERD, UN Human Rights Committee decisions, 1977-) and international criminal tribunals (ICC decisions and transcripts, ICTY, ICTR, Special Panel for Serious Crimes -Timor Leste, Special Court for Sierra Leone)
  • Project Diana: Human Rights Cases (Yale University) is a collection of Human Rights Cases.
  • World Courts  provides case laws and jurisdictions of various international courts, sources of international case law and references to the website in academic articles, books, court documents and research guides.
  • LexisNexis Academic- International Human Rights Cases LexisNexis is a source of law in general which can be explored to locate cases in international human rights. LexisNexis has comprehensive coverage of judgments and orders of ICJ, ECHR, WTO and so on. Please follow the following steps:
    • Sources Directory > Browse sources > Cases 
       
  • Westlaw India- International Human Rights Cases Westlaw India resource subscribed by the Library can be searched to locate cases in IHR. It covers International Court of Justice (INT-ICJ) [1947 - 2005], International Criminal Tribunal (INT-ICT) [1995 onwards], International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (INT-ICTR) [1995-2007], International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia - All (INT-ICTY-ALL) [1995 onwards], European Human Rights Law Review (EHRLR), and European Human Rights Reports (EHR-RPTS). Please follow the following steps:
    • International Material (top right side> International Law > View International Directory > Multi-National Material > Court & Tribunal Cases
  • Manupatra- International Human Rights Cases Manupatra is a source of law in general Indian Judgments. Manupatra also has comprehensive coverage of judgements and orders of International Court of Justice from 1940 onwards and Court of Justice of the European Communities from 1974-1994.
  • Butterworth’s Human Right Cases (Vol. 1-Vol. 27) leading human rights decisions from international and national courts and tribunals- Print resource available in JGU Reference Library

Institutional Information Portals 

 

Global, Regional and Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO)


United Nations provides useful information of human rights including related information and links to UN bodies; thematic issues related to violence against women & children, sexual violence, genocide, armed conflict, human trafficking, lesson from Rwanda, indigenous peoples etc.; UN past conferences on Human rights.

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNCHR) works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. the portal provide following information:
    • Human rights by Countries provides access to treaties, state reports, comments, and most other documentation related to human rights
    • Lists all OHCHR Human Rights Bodies i.e. Charter-based bodies include the former Commission on Human Rights, the Human Rights Council, and Special Procedures and Treaty-based bodies.
    • Publications includes fact sheets; special issues; reference; training & education  and policy & methodological materials that provides information to Governments, national institutions, civil society, the general public and the media.  
    • Documents portal convenient source for categories of U.N. documents, including resolutions of the General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, and Security Council.
    • UN Treaty Collection
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) protect asylum-seekers, children, internally displaced people, older people, people with disabilities, returnees, stateless people, women and refugees and resolve their problems worldwide. UNHCR operate in some 125 countries around the world including Africa, America, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle East and North African countries. UNHCR provides following information source related to human rights:
    • RefWorld is a source of information on refugee status. It contains a vast collection of reports and information relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks.
    • International Human Rights Treaty Bodies by Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), there are ten human rights treaty bodies that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties.
    • Information resources lists archives & records hold material from decades of operations, including electronic documents; wide range of publish materials, including The Global Appeal and Global Report; statistics and operational data.
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) founded in 1919 is the first specialized agency of the UN in 1946 for labour issues, particularly international labour standards. ILO promotes rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.

 

Council of Europe founded in 1949 as an advisory international organization which promote co-operation between European countries in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural co-operation.

  • Council of Europe Human Rights Portal protect and promotes human rights through international conventions, such as the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and the Convention on Cybercrime. It includes treaties, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.
    • HUDOC database (European Court of Human Rights) provides access to the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (Grand Chamber, Chamber and Committee judgments, decisions, communicated cases, advisory opinions and legal summaries from the Case-Law Information Note), the European Commission of Human Rights (decisions and reports) and the Committee of Ministers (resolutions).
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe  is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control and the promotion of human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections and concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation.
    • OSCE Resources lists Publications of annual reports, books, factsheet, guide, manual, handbook, periodicals and study reports; Official Documents of conferences & meetings, legal, treaty & agreements, and reports.
  • European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) is the anti-torture committee of the Council of Europe which highlights two important features: first, it is European in coverage, and second, it not only covers “torture”, but also a whole range of situations which could amount to “inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”.
    • CPT Documents lists country reports, standards, annual general reports, reference & working documents, and conference proceedings.
    • HUDOC CPT database includes reports,  public statements, and "standards" from the CPT.

 

 

  • African Union
    • African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights is a quasi-judicial body tasked with promoting and protecting human rights and collective (peoples') rights throughout the African continent as well as interpreting the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights and considering individual complaints of violations of the Charter. It includes relevant treaties and legislation, as well as state reports, information on reservations, declarations, legal instruments, and other documents.

 

 

Global and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO)


  • Amnesty International  is a non-governmental organization focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters in over 150 countries and territories who campaign to end abuses of human rights. It conducts research and generates action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated. You can find  human rights education resources here which includes formal, non-formal, peer education resources and training resources for professional
  • International Committee of the Red Cross  is a humanitarian organization which protects the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance and also endeavors to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles.
  • Human Rights Watch is a non-profit, independent and international organization which defends the rights of people.
  • Asian Human Rights Commission is an independent & non-governmental body, promoted by a prominent group of jurists and human rights activist in Asia. The main objective of this commission is to promote awareness and realization of human rights in the Asian region, and mobilize Asian and international public opinion to obtain relief and redress for the victims of human rights violations.
    • AHRC resources- Books including full-text eBooks in pdf format on human rights
    • AHRC resources- Journals & Magazines including full-text open access journals namely Article 2 (articles of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights); Ethics in Action; TORTURE: Asian and Global Perspectives; Human Rights Correspondence School; and Protection and Participation.
    • AHRC Human Right Reports from 2005 onwards.

 

International Courts and Tribunals


  • European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) is an international court, established by the European Convention on Human Rights. It hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be lodged by an individual, a group of individuals or one or more of the other contracting states, and, besides judgments, the Court can also issue advisory opinions.
  • The African Court on Human and People's Rights (ACHPR) is a continental court established by African countries to ensure protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa. It complements and reinforces the functions of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
  • International Court of Justice (ICJ) (accessed March 10, 2015) lists all ICJ cases & judgments since 1946, along with ICJ publications (1946 onwards) including Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders; Acts and Documents; Yearbook; and Bibliography. Beside 1946 onwards publications, there is a collection of Permanent Court of International Justice (1922-1946) publications consisting decisions from 1922 to 1940; judgments and Advisory Opinions given by the Court until 1930; Pleadings, Oral Arguments, Documents from 1931; Court’s Yearbooks from 1922-1946; and Court’s publications catalogues.
  • International Criminal Court (ICC) (accessed May 22, 2014) governed by the Rome Statute, established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community.
    • Legal Texts and Tools provides the text of the Rome Statute, Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Elements of Crimes, Regulations of the Court, Office of the Prosecutor, and Registry; Code of Professional Conduct for counsel and Judicial Ethics; Staff rules of the International Criminal Court; Staff Regulations; Financial Regulations and Rules; Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court; Agreement between the International Criminal Court and the United Nations and other legal instruments of the Court.

Official Bodies on Human Rights - by Country


The following list provides links to the national human rights institution, commissions and committees around the world, dedicated to the promotion, protection and monitoring of human rights.

Important Series of Reports on International Human Rights (institutions)

 

Information Forums/ Centers

 

  • Global Policy Forum (GPF) promote accountability of international organizations decisions like United Nations, monitor policy making at UN, strengthen international law & vital issues of international peace and justice.
    • Humanitarian Intervention including full-text GPF reports, UN documents and articles.
    • International Justice including full-text reports, documents and articles of international & hybrid courts and tribunals like ICC, ICJ, ICTR, ICTY, Sierra Leone, Lebanon, Cambodia and East Timor.
    • GPF Publications including full-text GPF Reports, Policy Papers, Articles and Statements.
  • War Crimes Research Portal contains 1) over a thousand links to websites related to international humanitarian law, 2) text of over 120 research memoranda on issues pending before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and the International Criminal Court, 3) "instant analysis" articles, written each month by the members of the American Branch of the International Association of Penal Law, and 4) Research Guide to international humanitarian law and tribunals.
  • International Justice Resource Center- Human Rights identify and explain the treaties and case law relevant to specific human rights, from education to non-discrimination.
  • Your Legal Rights – Human Rights provides free legal information for people in Ontario like Q&A to legal problems, legal education training webinars, current news & events and many more.. on various topics like charter rights, discrimination, international human rights.
  • Universal Human Rights Index this database maintained by OHCHR. It provides easy access to country-specific human rights information emanating from international human rights mechanisms in the United Nations system: the Treaty Bodies, the Special Procedures and the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and allows the user to find out about human rights issues worldwide, and to see how the legal interpretation of international human rights law has evolved over the past ten years.

Course Materials & Webinars

 

United Nations in cooperation with HeinOnline, provide a collection of scholarly writings to promote a better understanding of international law around the world, particularly in developing countries. Following course material is available on Human rights:

 

Multimedia Resources

 

Audio Visual Documentary

JGU Library holding a number of media collection like documentaries & movies on Human Rights, kept in Reference section multimedia collection. A full list can be seen here: Global Library - Human Rights Law (Multimedia collection)

 

Audio Visual Lecture & Tutorials

Audio Visual Archive

  • ICRC photo gallery on international humanitarian law
  • Audiovisual Historical archive of Human Rights United Nations Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law provides audiovisual historical collection on Human Rights like Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948; International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966; Convention on the Rights of the Child (with protocols), 1989 and so on.

Virtual Communities: Blogs, Forums, Social Networking Groups etc.

 

Blogs & Forums


  • Invisible College Blog is the official weblog of the Netherlands School of Human Rights Research which provides opportunity to report, share and exchange thoughts on current developments through open dialogue.
  • National Human Rights Institutions Forum is an international forum for researchers and practitioners in the field of national human rights institutions and an information platform for the National Human Rights Institutions around the world.
  • International Coordinating Committee for National Human Rights Institutions Forum (ICC-NHRI) is the international association of national human rights institutions (NHRIs) from all parts of the globe which Facilitates and supports NHRI engagement with the UN Human Rights Council and Treaty Bodies.
  • Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) is the leading regional human rights organization in the Asia Pacific which supports the establishment and strengthening of independent national human rights institutions in the region.   
  • Amnesty-India Blog provides recent information on human rights abuses in India, mobilize people to stand up for freedom and equality, and work with schools to create a safer and more just society.
  • Humanitarium is an international forum for exchange and debate on humanitarian law, policy and action.

 

Social Networking Groups


Facebook

Twitter

LinkedIn

YouTube

  • Amnesty International campaign for universal human rights from more than 150 countries. The organization investigates and exposes abuses, educates and mobilizes the public, and works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth and dignity are denied.
  • Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights promote scientific research, organise training courses and expert meetings and provide legal expertise in the branches of international law relating to situations of armed conflicts.
  • Human Rights are moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of human behaviour, and are regularly protected as legal rights in national and international law. This channel was generated automatically by YouTube's video discovery system.
  • FIDH - International Federation for Human Rights  a federation of 178 human rights NGOs who are fighting against all forms of injustice.
  • International Peace Institute promoting the prevention and settlement of conflicts between and within NY states by strengthening international peace and security institutions
  • Human Rights Law Network dedicated to the use of the legal system to advance human rights in India and the sub-continent.

Education & Career

 

Advance Degree Programmes


Short- term Courses


Open Educational Courses


 

Course Name

University/ Institution

Instructor

Duration

Terms of payment

Next scheduled date

International Human Rights

Université catholique de Louvain (LouvainX)

Olivier De Schutter

10 Weeks, 6-8 hours / week

Free, a small fee to earn a verified certificate

 

Human Rights: Global & Local Protection

University of Padova

Prof. Paolo De Stefani

9 Weeks,  3-4 hours/ Week

Free, a small fee to earn a verified certificate

 

Introduction to Human Rights

Udemy.com

Jose Zalaquett

33 Lectures,  6 hours

 

 

UK Human Rights Law

Udemy.com

ORA Prep

5 Lectures,  1 hours

$35.00

 

International Human Rights Law: Prospects and Challenges

Duke University

Laurence R. Helfer

5-10 hours/ Week

Free, a small fee to earn a verified certificate

 

 

Internships & Job posts


Subject Guides of other Library websites

 

  • NYU’s GlobaLex: International Human Rights Research Guide  an electronic legal publication by New York University School of Law contains EU’s and UN’s different charters and major treaty bodies, various human rights documents listed by subject matter, a listing of various international law journals, and a list of various UN websites.
  • ASIL Guide to Electronic International Law Resources: International Human Rights Law  provides judges and courts from around the world with educational programming, opportunities for transnational networking, resources, and tools for understanding an increasingly internationalized legal landscape and for effectively using international law when it arises in the courts.
  • Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL) highlights important instruments and web resources for researching various topics within human rights as well as the different regional systems.  
  • Project Diana - Women's Human Rights Resources Database (University of Toronto) lists hundreds of resources -articles, documents and links -- related to international women's rights law and Canadian women's rights law.
  • Yale University, Cambodian Genocide Program (1994-2015) the Cambodian genocide, a  serious crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979 in which approximately 1.7 million people lost their lives (21% of the country's population), was one of the worst human tragedies of the last century. Cambodian Genocide Program, a project of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University's has been studying these events to learn as much as possible about the tragedy, and to help determine who was responsible for the crimes of the Pol Pot regime.

Related Resource Pages

Acknowledgements

Staff of Global Library gratefully acknowledge contribution of Mr. Buddhi Prakash Chauhan, Chief Librarian and Additional Registrar for his leadership in preparation of this Resource Guide.